Whether it's chicken pox, ringworm, scarlet fever or whooping cough, there seems to be an endless list of childhood illnesses that children can pick up.
And every common childhood illness produces a host of questions. How serious is it? Should I be worried? How long does it last? What if they don't get it?
Well don't worry, because we've put together the most important facts for the most common childhood illnesses for you in our handy guide.
What is appendicitis?
Appendicitis is an infection of your appendix, causing it to swell up and fill with pus.
What are the symptoms of appendicitis?
Typical things to watch out for are: Stomach pain that gets worse over 24 hoursVomitingFeverFeeling sick and off foodHigh temperatureDiarrhoea
What should I do if my child has appendicitis?
Abdomen pain can signal a number of illnesses but any constant pain in a child's stomach should be investigated immediately. If you're worried, try called the NHS helpline number 111 and describe the symptoms to an adviser. They may suggest you go and see your doctor, who will do a check to see if it really is appendicitis. If it is, your child will need an operation to remove the appendix. It's quick and straightforward and has a short recovery time.
How long does appendicitis last?
The symptoms usually appear very quickly over a period of 24 hours. They need to be acted on very quickly.
When could my child get appendicitis?
It's most common in teenagers, but can occur at any age
What is chicken pox?Chicken pox
is viral infection that produces a rash and spots.
What are the symptoms of chicken pox?
Typical things to watch out for are: A rash, appearing as spots on bodyFever and acheFeeling sick and a sore throat
What should I do if my child has chicken pox?
See your doctor to diagnose it and then just keep them at home and hydrated. You can ease their symptoms with paracetamol to cool down their fever and try cooling gels on their spots. It's important not to let your little one itch their spots, if they need some relief try patting them instead.
How long does chicken pox last?
The worst of the rash is gone in around 7 days.
When could my child get chicken pox?
90% of kids have had chicken pox by the age of 15.
What is croup?
Croup is a nasty cough caused by a viral infection to the throat.
What are the symptoms of croup?
Typical things to watch out for are: A barking cough that sounds like a bit like a sea-lionBreathing is difficult and sounds noisyRunny nose and a sore throat
What should I do if my child has croup?
The actual cough is very difficult to treat - make sure you lower their temperature with paracetamol or ibuprofen liquid, get your little one to drinks plenty of fluid and try cool air to ease the breathing.
How long does croup last?
The worst of it typically lasts 2-3 days.
When could my child get croup?
Most kids get it before they're 3 and very occasionally up to the age of 6.
German measles / Rubella
What is German measles?
German measles is a viral infection that causes a whole body rashWhat are the symptoms of German measles?
Typical things to watch out for are: Swollen glandsSpotty rash all over the bodyHigh temperatureAching jointsWhat should I do if my child has German measles?
Sit it out. Make sure you reduce any fever with paracetamol or ibuprofen liquid, make sure your child drinks plenty of water. If anything seems unusual, see your doctor. How long does German measles last?
Glands stay swollen for about 7 days and the rash begins near the end of this time and lasts for about 1-5 days.When could my child get German measles?
Rubella is a lot less common now, since the introduction of the MMR jab. It is most common in young children.
What is glue ear?
Glue ear is an infection that causes the ear to fill with a glue-like liquid.
What are the symptoms of glue ear?
Typical things to watch out for are: Difficulty hearingMild earacheSlow development in learning
What should I do if my child has glue ear?
Your doctor can run tests to see if your child has glue ear. The initial treatment is then usually to watch and wait and be sympathetic to your child. Most cases go away without any need for surgery or other treatment.
How long does glue ear last?
Symptoms only last a couple of weeks and hearing is back to normal within three months in 50% of cases and within a year in nine out of 10.
When could my child get glue ear?
70% of children get it at least once before they are four. It's more common in boys than girls.
What is hand, foot and mouth disease?Hand, foot and mouth disease
is a common infection that causes mouth ulcers and spots on the hands and feet.
What are the symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease?
Symptoms usually develop three to five days after being exposed to the infection. Mouth ulcersSpotty rashHigh temperatureLoss of appetiteCoughingSore throat and mouthTummy pain
What should I do if my child has hand, foot and mouth disease?
There is no cure for hand, foot and mouth disease so just keep your little one at home and well hydrated until it passes. To relieve the discomfort of their mouth ulcers, get your child to gargle warm salty water and apply ulcer gel. It's also a good idea to eat soft, plain foods so as not to irritate their ulcers further.
How long does hand, foot and mouth disease last?
The infection usually passes by seven to ten days and there's not much a doctor can do. If however your child is showing signs of dehydration or there skin has become inflamed, hot and is discharging pus you should seek medical attention.
When could my child get hand, foot and mouth disease?
It's most common in young children – particularly those under 10 – but can affect older children and adults as well.
What is impetigo?
Impetigo is a common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters.
What are the symptoms of impetigo?Red sores, usually around the nose and mouth which burst to make yellow scabsHigh temperatureSwollen glands
What should I do if my child has impetigo?
It's important to take your child to the doctors if you suspect they have impetigo as there are a few skin conditions that produce similar symptoms and the correct diagnosis is essential. Impetigo should technically go away on it's own, but fades much faster with antibiotics cream which your doctor should be able to prescribe.
How long does impetigo last?
Without treatment impetigo can last up to three weeks, with cream it can reduce that time by a third. When could my child get impetigo?
It usually effects young children but it can affect adults of any age.
What is measles?
Measles is an infection that causes a rash and a nasty illness
What are the symptoms of measles?
Typical things to watch out for are: Fever and sore eyesWhite spots in the mouthBlotchy rash on the bodyDiarrhoea
What should I do if my child has measles?
Just ease the symptoms, because no medicine cures the virus. Your child will naturally produce antibodies to fight the infection. Make sure you reduce any fever with paracetamol or ibuprofen liquid and give your child plenty of water to drink.
How long does measles last?
Most children are better within 7-10 days of getting measles - if it doesn't go away after this time, go and see your doctor.
When could my child get measles?
Measles is normally a childhood condition, although the MMR jab has made it less common. However, there has been an increase in outbreaks recently, possibly because some parents have chosen not to vaccinate their children.
What is mumps?
Mumps is an infection that makes the face and throat swell up.
What are the symptoms of mumps?
Typical things to watch out for are: Dry mouth, making chewing swallowing difficultFeverSwollen glands behind the earsHowever, many cases show mild or no symptoms
What should I do if my child has mumps?
Your child's body will naturally produce antibodies to fight off the infection. Keep your child away from others, as mumps is very infectious. Make sure you reduce any fever with paracetamol or ibuprofen liquid, make sure your child drinks plenty of water.
How long does mumps last?
Most children are back to normal within seven to 10 days.
When could my child get mumps?
Immunisation means that mumps is now very rare. However, it is most common in young children.
What is ringworm?
Ringworm is nothing to do with worms - it's a fungal skin infection.
What are the symptoms of ringworm?
Typical things to watch out for are: A circular, red inflamed patch of skinYour child is likely to itch
What should I do if my child has ringworm?
You can get an anti-fungal cream from pharmacies or else get a prescription from your doctor. It's very infectious, so don't share flannels or towels.
How long does ringworm last?
Once the cream is used, it should clear up in around four weeks.
When could my child get ringworm?
It can happen at any age and is very easily passed on from one person to another, so keep the infected area covered.
What is scarlet fever?Scarlet fever
is a bacterial infection that causes a bright red rash all over the body.
What are the symptoms of scarlet fever?
Typical things to watch out for are: Sore throatFeverScarlet rash on the neck and then the body
What should I do if my child has scarlet fever?
Penicillin or other antibiotics will work on scarlet fever, although many children recover quickly, without the need for any medicine. As with any fever, give lots of drinks and try paracetamol or ibuprofen liquid to reduce the temperature. It's infectious, too, so keep your child off school.
How long does scarlet fever last?
The rash usually lasts about 6 days
When could my child get scarlet fever?
Children of any age can come down with this, although it's far less common than it used to be.
What if my child doesn't get scarlet fever?
Scarlet fever is rare in adults, so if your child avoids it, they're unlikely to get it when they're older.
What is slapped cheek syndrome?Slapped cheek syndrome
is a viral infection that's spread through water droplets in the air and usually causes a bright red rash on the cheeks.
What are the symptoms of slapped cheek syndrome?
As well as the slapped cheek rash, there are some other initial symptoms that your child may experience.Light pink speckled rash on the chestHigh temperatureRunny noseSore throatHeadacheUpset stomach
What should I do if my child has slapped cheek syndrome?
Slapped cheek should go away on it's own without needing to see a doctor, but if you have been exposed to the illness yourself and you're pregnant you should call your GP.
How long does slapped cheek syndrome last?
The rashes should usually fade within a week or two.
When could my child get slapped cheek syndrome?
A person of any age can get slapped cheek syndrome but it's most common in children between the ages of four and twelve.
What is tonsillitis?
An inflammation of the tonsils that's usually caused by a viral infection or, less commonly, a bacterial infection.
What are the symptoms of tonsillitis?Sore throat and pain when swallowingEaracheCoughingHeadache
What should I do if my child has tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis can be very uncomfortable so if you suspect your child has it, it's best to take them to the GP straight away. If their infection is bacterial they should be able to take antibiotics which will speed up the healing process within a few days. To soothe your little one whilst they're at home give them lots of fluid and ensure they rest.
How long does tonsillitis last?
Once treated with antibiotics the symptoms should subside within a few days, without treatment it can last up to ten days.
When could my child get tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis is most common in children and teenagers, so they could get it at any point before approaching adulthood.