A complete guide to resuscitating a child or baby using CPR

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Child CPR: how to resuscitate a child
We'd do anything to protect our babies, but many of us don't know even the basics when it comes to first aid.

The time between a child losing consciousness and help arriving is crucial. If your child stopped breathing, would you know what to do?

We certainly didn't, until we read this:

Child CPR: How to resuscitate your child

ABC procedure:


A for Airway

B for Breathing

C for Chest compression

Before going for help perform 1 minute of CPR.

A: Airway


1. Initially lift their chin with two fingers as you push down on the forehead with the other to tilt head back.

2. If they're under one lift the chin up so the face lies flat. If the head is too far back or forward, it'll block the airway.

3. Once airway is open, listen for breathing.

More: Basic first aid for parents

B: Breathing

1. If there's no sign of normal breathing, start CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) straightaway.

2. Tilt their head back, lift up their chin and pinch their nostrils together.

3. Take a fresh breath, put your mouth completely over their mouth and breathe into it for one second.

4. Repeat no more than five times, checking to see if their chest rises.

5. If not, check to see if there is anything in their throat and and make sure their head is still tilted back. Move on to chest compressions in part C.

C: Chest compressions

1. Put the heel of your hand on their breast bone. Press down firmly and quickly at a rate of 100-120 per minute.

2. After you've done it 30 times, breathe into their mouth twice to get air into their lungs in the same way you did above (B).

3. Watch to see if the chest rises and falls. After the two breaths, go back to chest compressions. Repeat this so that you do 30 chest compressions to two breaths each time, until normal breathing starts.

Watch the steps in more detail in St John Ambulance's video, below.

You may remember the funny British Heart Foundation advert which starred Vinnie Jones delivering CPR to the tune of The Bee Gees Stayin' Alive. As silly as it sounds, research has actually found that the quality of CPR is delivered better when thinking about the beats of the hit song.

And now there's a new one by St John Ambulance to help show parents and carers how to properly perform CPR on a baby, as this differs from how you should perform CPR on a child or adult.

The video shows nursery rhyme favourites like Humpty Dumpty and Jack and Jill coming up with a song that will help people remember how to provide CPR to a baby.

Part of their song tells the viewer to, 'puff, puff and 30 more pumps... repeat this until the ambulance comes.'

Steps to resuscitate a baby

1. Call 999 if the baby isn't breathing (do a minute of CPR first, if you're alone).

2. Tilt the baby's head back using one finger, lifting the chin so the face is flat.

2. Cover the baby's nose and mouth and give five gentle puffs of breath, each lasting about a second.

3. Use two fingers in the centre of its chest to give 30 pumps at a rate of around 100 to 120 per minute.

4. Repeat the steps with two puffs and 30 pumps until help arrives.

Continued below...

Watch St John Ambulance's latest video on how to perform CPR on a baby below

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