For that reason, Braxton Hicks often cause confusion and anxiety among expectant mums. We shed light on what they are, why they happen and how to tell them apart from real labour contractions!
What are Braxton Hicks contractions?Braxton Hicks contractions are intermittent or irregular contractions of the womb. You can blame their name on Dr Braxton John Hicks who first described them in 1872. Braxton Hicks are often thought of as as warm up exercises for your uterus in preparation for labour so they're definitely a good thing.
Anne Richley, a practising midwife explains, 'These mild, irregular tightenings are there from early pregnancy, but you'll usually only start to feel them late in the second trimester.
'These tightenings force blood from uterine veins so they can refill with fresh blood. They also help stretch out the lower part of the uterus ready for labour. Sex or an orgasm may trigger them, but don't panic: you're not going into labour yet.'
What do Braxton Hicks feel like?
As with every aspect of pregnancy, each woman's experience of Braxton Hicks will be different. But in general Braxton Hicks contractions are experienced as a tightening sensation in your abdomen. As your uterus contracts, your abdominal wall tightens for anywhere between a few seconds and a minute. It can feel as if your stomach has hardened into a tight ball. If you put your hand on your bump, you may even be able to feel the muscles contract and release.
Are Braxton Hicks contractions painful?Generally speaking, Braxton Hicks cause no more than mild discomfort, although for some women the tightening sensation in the tummy is accompanied by a dull ache a bit like period pain. Very few women experience a short, sharp burst of pain. Whatever your level of discomfort, the sudden feeling of your stomach contracting can sometimes take you by surprise, especially if you're in the middle of something.
When can I expect them?Braxton Hicks are usually felt after week 20 but you may experience them as early as week 16. If you've already had children you're likely to notice them earlier and the sensation may be more intense. Most women find that as their pregnancy draws to term, their Braxton Hicks contractions become more frequent in number. You might also find that they occur more often during light activity such as housework or carrying shopping. Research has found that it's the change in activity that eases the discomfort, so if you've been exerting yourself it may help to lie down and if you've been resting, try getting up and moving around.
How can I relieve the discomfort of Braxton Hicks contractions?
Braxton Hicks contractions typically last for around 25 seconds and no longer than a minute. And the good news is that unlike the real contractions of labour, Braxton Hicks contractions are mostly intermittent, which means you may have one or two of them followed by long periods of none at all. If they are uncomfortable, try making a cup of tea or taking a warm bath or shower to relax. You could also practise some of the breathing exercises they teach you in antenatal classes. However if you are in persistent abdominal pain you should consult your midwife or GP.
Should I worry if my Braxton Hicks contractions become more intense?As you reach the end of your pregnancy you can expect your Braxton
Hicks contractions to increase both in intensity and frequency. This is
because the muscles of your uterus are getting in shape for labour.
How will I be able to tell the difference between Braxton Hicks and real labour contractions?This is understandably one of the biggest worries for first time expectant mothers. Being told that you'll somehow 'know' the difference when the real contractions start is not especially comforting! Luckily there are some pretty reliable ways to tell the two kinds of contractions apart.
time goes on.
of your abdomen.
Very occasionally women go into premature labour before their pregnancy has gone to term and this needs to be treated urgently. Call your doctor or midwife if you're worried.