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Measles in children: Symptoms, treatments and preventions

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Measles
Measles is a highly-contagious viral disease that is common in children and often identified by the measles rash. Despite cases being lowered in recent years because of nation-wide vaccination, there are still plenty of people who suffer with measles.

If your child is not vaccinated then there is a 90% chance they will contract measles themselves if exposed to someone already infected.

Even in the UK, where medical aid is highly developed, one in every 15 children with measles will have complications – which can sometimes be fatal.

If you're worried that you or your child may have contracted measles have a read through the guide below…

Measles symptoms


Much like the common cold, measles usually starts with a cough and feeling generally unwell. Key symptoms to look out for initially are:

  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sore or swollen red eyes
  • Fever
  • Aches and pains
  • Loss of appetite
  • Small grey-white spots on the inside of the cheeks

  • Following these common symptoms a rash will usually develop after a couple of days. This will be made up of small reddish brown spots, which may join together in blotches or patches. Look out for it on the neck and head, as it usually starts on these areas.

    Measles treatment

    If you suspect you or you child has measles you should see your doctor immediately. Call ahead in case your doctors' surgery needs to make arrangements to minimise the risk of spreading the disease.

    Once your doctor has confirmed the diagnosis there are a few things you can do to relieve the symptoms. Try:

  • Using paracetamol or ibuprofen to bring down a high temperature or fever and relieve aches or pains
  • Drink plenty of fluids to make sure your child doesn't dehydrate with a fever and to keep their throat comfortable
  • Treat sore eyes with a cotton ball soaked in warm water and hold over their eyelids to clean away crustiness
  • Keep lights dimmed and curtains closed if their eyes are aching

  • If your child has cold-like symptoms too, then treat as you normally would. Warm baths and plenty of fluids will help keep them comfortable.

    Measles complications


    If complications do arise in those suffering from measles it can be potentially life-threatening, so it's really important to look out for the signs and symptoms of this.

    If your child has a shortness of breath, sharp chest pains, is coughing up blood, feels drowsy or confused, or they're having fits then the NHS advise taking your child straight to A&E or calling and ambulance on 999.

    How measles is spread

    Measles is really easily spread, so if your child has caught it then you'll have to keep them off of school until they're better. This usually lasts about 7-10 days after the first symptoms appear but seek specific case-by-case advice from your GP.

    Much like a cough, measles is spread through mucus or saliva when someone infected coughs or sneezes. And it's possible to pick up the virus from a surface where droplets have settled, too, as it can survive for a few hours outside of the body.

    Continued below...


    How to prevent measles

    Measles is now uncommon in the UK, since the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine became widely available. All children are eligible and they will be given their first dose at around 13 months and their second shot just before they start school. Vaccines are available at any time for older children and adults.

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    PappyYokum

    Vitamin A deficiency is a recognised risk factor for severe measles. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends administration of an oral dose of 200,000 IU (or 100,000 IU in infants) of vitamin A per day for two days to children with measles in areas where vitamin A deficiency may be present. Several recent investigations have indicated that vitamin A treatment of children with measles in developing countries has been associated with reductions in morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) issued a joint statement recommending that vitamin A be administered to all children diagnosed with measles in communities where vitamin A deficiency (serum vitamin A <10 µg/dL) is a recognized problem and where mortality related to measles is ≥1%.

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