Jimmie Lanley works from home as co-owner of iHomeschool Network, a social media company and publisher of digital guides such as The Big Book of Homeschool Ideas.
After many years of homeschooling her daughter, Emma, she's somewhat of an expert on the subject, and is preparing Emma for her final year of school.
Here, she shares her experience of homeschooling her daughter, as well as her advice for any other parents who are considering the same path.
'Why I chose homeschooling for my daughter'I originally chose to homeschool my daughter because I was living abroad in China when my daughter would have entered nursery school. Private, English-speaking schools were too costly, and I felt I could do a better job anyway. Homeschooling was a great fit for living abroad because it gave us the flexibility to travel at will. By age 11, my daughter Emma was bilingual (Mandarin and English) and had visited six different countries in Asia.
When we moved back to America and finally had the option to use public schools for Emma starting Year 7, she and I both made the choice to continue her education at home. We both agreed that public school would be too constricting and wouldn't allow for advanced pursuit of her passions - art and foreign language. Emma is a creative person, and I feared that the institutionalism of schools would dull her innovation and maybe even damage her free-spiritedness.
As it turned out, Emma needed a spinal fusion (for scoliosis) when she was 12. Homeschooling turned out to be the hero once again when we had the flexibility to rearrange her schooling around surgery and the long recovery.
Over the secondary school years, Emma and I revisited the decision to homeschool periodically. I wanted to be sure that she was content with her self-directed education. Emma is now in Year 13, and she wholeheartedly agrees that homeschooling was (and is still) the best option for her.
The main benefit of homeschooling is flexibility both in your schedule and your course of study. As a homeschool parent, you choose the topics, the curriculum, and the methods. The younger the child, the more freedom you have. As they get older, you do have to adhere to your country's requirements for secondary school, but there is still much leeway in exactly how your teens achieve those mandatory levels. You can customise the education for your child's special needs and for her passions. Any group learning environment, whether private or public, can never afford the level of customisation you can offer as a homeschool parent.
As far as drawbacks, sometimes homeschooling is lonely - for mum and for child. My daughter is an only child, so I took the socialisation issue very seriously. Seeking out and creating opportunities for her to engage with peers was always a high priority. Homeschool mums (like all stay at home mums) can feel isolated and unappreciated at times. But just as I made it a priority to provide Emma with socialisation experiences, I, too, invested in homeschool support groups whether in person or online.
I prefer to have a dedicated homeschool area where all of our books, learning tools, and school supplies are neatly stored - a place where we could spread out and make messes. Wherever we lived over the years, I created this space. Sometimes it was a whole room; other times it was merely a shelf beside the kitchen table.
The study area where Emma and Jimmie work
Before secondary school, I didn't have to assign grades, so I didn't use tests at all. Instead of tests, I opted to evaluate learning through narration, either oral narration (telling back) or written narration (notebooking).
Teaching my daughter how to learn has always been more important to me than merely teaching her facts. Although Years 3-5 required much one-on-one instruction, as my daughter matured, she took more and more responsibility for her studies. At this point, she's in Year 13, and I serve only to coach and to pay for school materials. Her independence means that I can work full time from home.
Because she's a fully independent learner, I don't worry about her success in university. She's going to start way ahead of her peers in time management and self-motivation.
My advice to parents who want to start homeschooling their kidsIf your children are young, jump into home education by letting their interests guide the way. Read lots of great books, explore nature, do crafts, travel and take trips, and play games! You truly do not need a formal curriculum at the lower levels. All you need is a child's natural curiosity and the world to explore.
As they get older, do some professional development as a homeschool parent. Research different homeschool styles, philosophies, and methodologies. The label you choose isn't as important as understanding why you make the curriculum and instructional choices you do.
Don't become paralysed by the thousands of homeschool curriculum options. Read reviews, ask other homeschool moms, and then simply pick something. As long as you've done some initial research and narrowed down your options, whatever you choose is going to be effective. You aren't going to ruin your child's future career path by selecting the wrong science curriculum!
Relax and enjoy! Trust the process of homeschooling, and your child will have a great education no matter what you decide.