Vitamins and minerals: Vitamin B1 to B12

(12 ratings)
tablets, pills
There are four main B vitamins that your body needs and each one has different health benefits.

Vitamin B1

RDA = 1.4 mg
Also known as: Thiamine
What's it good for? It's essential for energy and keeps your nerves in good conditions. It can prevent cataracts and arthritis and can treat depression and memory loss.
What happens if I don't get enough? Lack of Vitamin B1 might cause tiredness, irritability, forgetfulness and depression.
Where can I get it from? Whole grains, sunflower seeds, seafood, bacon, beans, potatoes and nuts.

Foodmg of vitamin B1
1 slice of bacon0.22
1 large potato0.294
A bag of sunflower seeds0.681
A tin of kidney beans0.266

Vitamin B2

RDA = 1.6 mg
Also known as: Riboflavin
What's it good for? It helps break down protein, fats and carbohydrates. It's also great for your skin, nails and hair as well as your eyesight.
What happens if I don't get enough? Lack of Vitamin B2 might cause itchy eyes, nose, mouth and throat as well as lips and skin.
Where can I get it from? Milk, liver, cheese, green leafy vegetables and fish.

Foodmg of vitamin B2
6 slices of cheddar cheese0.05
A packet of spinach0.5
1 fillet of cod0.1
1 glass of milk0.3

Vitamin B6

RDA = 2 mg - women taking the contraceptive pill may need more. Speak to your doctor or family planning clinic.
Also known as: Pyridoxine
What's it good for? It helps your body absorb protein and carbohydrates but it also prevents skin conditions and nerve problems.
What happens if I don't get enough? Your skin might become red or inflammed in patches.
Where can I get it from? Fish (especially cod), bananas, chicken, pork, bread, eggs, dried beans, potatoes and milk.

Foodmg of vitamin B6
1 medium banana0.433
1 large egg0.061
1 glass of milk0.098

Vitamin B12

RDA = 1 microgram. There are 1,000 micrograms (mcg) in a milligram.
Also known as: Cobalamin
What's it good for? It makes red blood cells and helps forms nerves.
What happens if I don't get enough? A lack of B12 might make you tired or suffer from breathing difficulties and dizziness.
Where can I get it from? Fish, liver, beef, pork, milk and cheese and salmon. If you're vegan you might struggle to find natural sources of B12 in your diet so you might have to take supplements instead.

Foodmg of vitamin B12
1 glass of milk0.098
3 slices of pork0.061

Read on: Vitamins C and D

Continued below...

Where next?
- Find out all about health conditions
- Get quick tips, recommended by goodtoknow users, on how to deal with your health problems
- Do you really need to see a doctor?
- Top tips for boosting your immune system
- Old wives' tales - which ones work?
- How well are you? Take our immune system quiz to find out
- Foods that are better than medicine

Your rating

Average rating

  • 4
(12 ratings)

Your comments

comments powered by Disqus

FREE Newsletter