Basic first aid: Strain and sprain

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Adult Sprain woman wrist injury
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Strain and sprain

If you think your child has sprained their wrist or ankle or strained a muscle, follow the 'RICE' procedure:

R is for rest - so get the child to sit or lie down.

I is for ice. Wrap some in a tea towel and put on the sore area for ten minutes. This reduces pain and bruising.

C is for compress. Put a bandage on tightly and firmly, but not too tight that it stops the blood flow.

E is for elevation. Keep the injured area up high to slow blood flow to the injury which reduces swelling and bruising.

Read on: Coping with falls

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- All the facts on sprains
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Sources and advice:
St John Ambulance
BBC Health

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