A bunion is a bony lump that develops at the base of the big toe. A bunion can be painful and affect walking. If the bunion is very painful and other treatments don't work, surgery may be needed.
What is a bunion?
A bunion is a bony deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe. This joint is known as the metatarsophal- angeal (MTP for short!) joint.
How are they formed?
Sometimes the big toe bends towards the second toe, which forces the MTP joint to stick out. If this happens, the bones can become misaligned to form a bunion.
Do certain shoes cause bunions?
Forcing your feet into high or pointed shoes pushes body weight forward and toes into an unnatural angle. So stick to one-and-a-half inch heels, go barefoot at home and wear open-toed sandals in summer.
Are bunions hereditry?
It's not known exactly what causes bunions, but wearing badly fitting shoes can make the condition worse. Bunions may run in families.
Can you fix them?
Surgery can ease the agony of bunions by straightening out your big-toe joint. It won't return your foot to normal, but should reduce pain and improve the shape of your foot.